DC Voltage Control and Power Sharing in Multiterminal DC Grids Based on Optimal DC Power Flow and Voltage-Droop Strategy
Location: USA
Publication date: 2014-07-11
Published in: IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, July 2014
ref. DOI: 10.1109/JESTPE.2014.2338738

Local members

Alvaro Luna

PhD. Senior Researcher.

External members

Miranian, A.



This paper proposes an effective dc voltage and power-sharing control structure for multiterminal dc (MTDC) grids based on an optimal power flow (OPF) procedure and voltage-droop control implemented in the different hierarchical layers. In the proposed approach, an OPF algorithm is executed at the secondary control level of the MTDC grid to find the optimal reference values for the dc voltages and active power of the voltage-regulating converters. Then, at the primary control level, the voltage-droop characteristics of the voltage-regulating converters are tuned based upon the OPF results. In this control structure, the optimally-tuned voltage-droop controllers lead to the optimal operation of the MTDC grid. In case of variation in load or generation of the grid, a new stable operating point is achieved based on the voltage-droop characteristics. Then by executing a new OPF, the voltage-droop characteristics are returned for optimal operation of the MTDC grid after the load or generation variations. This paper also considers the integration of frequency support loop in the proposed control framework in case of connection of weak ac grids. The simulations performed on a study case inspired by the CIGRE B4 dc grid test system demonstrate the efficient grid performance under the proposed control strategy.


Associated projects

National public